Fix sd card fsck

The fsck privileged EXEC command allows you to conveniently recover wasted disk space directly from the CLI. Note A FAT16 formatted disk can have only 512 root directory entries. This limits the maximum number of files stored under the root directory. The number of root directory entries stored by a file is in proportion to the filename length.Sep 16, 2022 · The following are the steps to use CMD to remove the "SD Card read only error": Step 1: In the first step, plug the SD card into Windows. Step 2: Click on the Start button and type CMD in the search and open the result. Step 3: Now type diskpart in the CMD search. Step 4: Afterwards, type in the list volume. Method 2: Change drive letter 1. Press Windows Key + R then type diskmgmt.msc and hit Enter. 2. Now right-click on your external device and select Change Drive Letter and Paths. 3. Now, in the next window, click on Change button. 4. Then from the drop-down select any alphabet except the current one and click OK. 5.set up bootargs & bootcmd for Angstrom demo sd card and do a saveenv. 2. then accidently use another card (setup from the BoardDiagnstics page) 3. kernel starts to boot and then panics. 4. Not possible to boot from sd rom thiis point on..... I have tried re-formatting and re-load the sd card but still have the same problem... Will try other sd ...#fsck.fatで修復 対処の手順としては VMwareを立ち上げる Micro SDをVMwareに認識させる fsck.fat コマンドで修復 まずWindowsでは修復できないようのなで、 Linuxで修復します .おそらくWindowsではデフォルトで見えない領域を修復しないといけないからだと思います. VMwareを立ち上げます. 自分が使っているLinuxディストリビューションはXubuntu14.04. VAIO Pro 13ではMicro SDをSDカードアダプタに入れて、 VAIO Pro 13のSDカードスロットに入れてもVMwareでMicro SDカードを認識することができませんでした.This post lists the commands to erase and W95 FAT32 (LBA) format an SD card. These are the commands you would use to prepare an SD card to boot on a Xilinx ZC702 or ZCU102 or many other embedded systems. Note: these steps will erase all the data on the SD card you use. Step #1: Plugin your SD card. Step #2: Type dmesg to find the device name:first step: first thing i did was backup what was on my sd card by using "photorec" it did an excellent job at finding and reconstructing my files bit by bit sector by sector but it took about 30 hours! with this process every file gets renamed and has no order to it and some files gets separated into many smaller files, but you will get to save …When to Use fsck in Linux\\n\\n Here are few examples: The system fails to boot. Files on the system become corrupt (often you may see input/output error). Attached drive (including flash drives/SD cards) is not working as expected.Check and repair SD card for errors in Windows Open Windows Explorer, right-click your SD card, go to Properties ->Tools -> Check now. 2. Check both "Automatically fix file system errors" and "Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors".. 2008. 4. 8. · Open up My Computer. Find the icon for the disk and put your mouse cursor over it. A little box should pop up showing free space ...A great way to kill an sd card is to mount it as a swap partition or something that's very read/write intensive. You'd be surprised how quickly you can kill a card that way. I've found that running knoppix off of an sd card or usb thumb drive will only last a month or two, depending on the quality of the card and the intensity of knoppix usage. 4g antenna cable length A great way to kill an sd card is to mount it as a swap partition or something that's very read/write intensive. You'd be surprised how quickly you can kill a card that way. I've found that running knoppix off of an sd card or usb thumb drive will only last a month or two, depending on the quality of the card and the intensity of knoppix usage.Jun 16, 2022 · Run fsck on Mac to repair external hard drive: Open Launchpad > Other > Terminal. Type in the following command, then press Enter to list all the connected drives on your Mac currently. diskutil list. According to the disk information, Locate the disk you want to run fsck on and find its device identifier. It will look like '/dev/disk2'. Sep 15, 2022 · Methods to fix camera photos not showing on PC. 1. Check the connections – card reader, SD card slot. Quiet possible the SD card reader or SD card slot is faulty. Test if the SD card works with the same card reader on another computer. If the memory card photos show up on a different computer, the problem could be with the SD card slot. adjust the number of mounts after which the filesystem will be checked by e2fsck (tune2fs -c 1 /dev/mmcblk0p1) Set kernel parameters fsck.mode="force" and fsck.repair="yes". But every attempt failed. The only way I've found is to boot to alternate media (e.g., SD card).To format a card with ext4, insert the card into the Pandora, open terminal, and type: [3] ext4 works well, and fsck is very quick. If you'd rather use ext2 or ext3, run mkfs.ext2 or mkfs.ext3 instead, with the same options. Another option you can use, -N sets the number of inodes (max file count).I have Arch linux installed on a 4GB SD card for my raspberry pi. Strange things were happening lately so I took the SD out and ran fsck on my Ubuntu computer. By running fsck I was getting a lot of errors so I tried running fsck with the -a option. But I got:There are different scenarios when you will want to run fsck. Here are few examples: The system fails to boot. Files on the system become corrupt (often you may see input/output error). Attached drive (including flash drives/SD cards) is not working as expected. fsck Available options.Run the following command. Run the following command and press enter: df. This will display the total disk usage for your SD card in columns. If you'd like to make it more readable, you can add the -h flag, which will add G and M units for gigabytes and megabytes: df -h. You can see here that I'm using 16% of my available SD card space.my friend tried to install Android on a SD card or something like that, but failed After zeroing, I did a fsck and the 4gb Fat partition seems ok. Menu > disks Find your sd card , Select with the mouse your sd card and.Jun 27, 2011 · Hi! i have a closer problem regardings at .REC file, it happened after i buy my new micro sd card, i transfer my file, video, and music from my previous micro sd then after i check my phone and all file that i transfer was missing but when i scan it, it seems it is still in my new sd card the i try to reboot my phone and it becomes a tons of FSCK0000.REC file, my video and other music turn to ... But the reason why the FS cannot be repaired automatically at the next reboot is simply that your media is full. See all the "No space left on device" messages. Logged Supermicro A2SDi-4C-HLN4F mainboard and SC101F chassis 16 GB ECC memory Crucial MX300 275 GB SATA 2.5" plus Crucial MX300 275 GB SATA M.2 (ZFS mirror)Turn OFF your smartphone. Press and hold your power button with the volume down till it enters the recovery mode. Navigate using the volume up and down buttons and select the "Apply Update from SD card" option. Select the file (update.zip) by pushing down the volume button, after which you press the power button. best couples massage maui Click on Disk Utility, choose View > Show All devices. Select the disk to repair on the list in the left and click on First Aid > Run. It may take a while for Disk Utility to run depending on the size of the drive. Once the process is complete, it will report the status of the selected drive. If it reports that the disk can't be repaired ...So what can you do if this happens? You can format the SD card and restore it to your SD card using Raspbian backups. However, if you made a mistake working without timely backups, you can only try two things. There is a "fsck" command that will probably not repair your damaged SD card.Top 5 Best SD Cards for 3DS. Sandisk 16GB SD SDHC - Reliable. Sandisk 32GB SD SDHC - Universal. Amplim TF - High speed. SanDisk Ultra 128GB SDXC - Good compatibility. PNY 128GB Elite - High capasity. That's the main reason why many people are searching for the best SD card for 3DS. Getting one, you can preserve all your achievements and ...Try to format the sd card while it's inserted in phone. Backup all data before that. The card is fine, I extensively checked it on a Linux PC. I started by running fsck for exFAT (it can't fix, but it can detect errors) and I carried out other read/write tests.See full list on linuxhint.com You will learn to use tools like Disk Utility and FSCK to repair corruption in SSD's. You will also learn how to recover data if the SSD is severely corrupted and Disk Utility/FSCK doesn't work. ... SD card or hard drive. Repair Files. Repair Outlook. Repair Outlook Securely fix Outlook data file (PST); recover deleted emails, attributes ...After several attempts and many searches I cannot find any solution for my problem: Hassio last version Enabled SSH debugging mode Simple command like mkdir says: mkdir: can't create directory 'aaaa': Read-only file system I tried to repair the card plugging into another Raspbian but it reports: fsck -n /dev/sda6 fsck from util-linux 2.32.1 e2fsck 1.44.4 (18-Aug-2018) ext2fs_open2: Bad ... holla at me for what tik tok I picked an empty sector in DMDE, say LBA 3, and then pasted the hex data into it (Edit -> Edit Mode, Edit -> Paste). Then select Mode -> FAT/FAT32/NTFS Boot Record and Edit -> Export to Text File.Check out the Oppo Ambassador Program Highlights and WIN! Home. ForumsSeptember 5, 2019, 10:49 AM. Yes typically to check the partition has to be unmounted thus the check when it boots. Type the command sudo mount and it will show the partition mounted. You can also remove the SD card and check it with a Linux computer. Just check the 2nd data partition.Jun 22, 2022 · You can format the SD card using Windows Explorer or use formatting software such as SDFormatter. If the SD is of a digital camera, DSLR, or GoPro, format it in the device itself. Follow the below steps to format SD card using Windows Explorer: Connect the SD card to PC. Double-click This PC. Right-click on your SD card under ...(1) I ran fsck before and after rebooting and it did not mention any error. However, the error 'Volume was not properly unmounted. Some data may be corrupt. Please run fsck' still can be found the kernel log. (2) I followed the instructions for ' Alternative install: Ubuntu Desktop 16.04 LTS'.These files are generated by the fsck linux utility, which is the equivalent of Windows/DOS CHKDSK command. ... If they keep returning then format your SD card. I had them when I was trying 4K blocksize but gone once I moved to 32K. ... Repair MP4 video file. muntos; Apr 13, 2010; 19 20 21. Replies 411. Views 428K. N. Dec 16, 2019. nepali7788 ...2.4m members in the raspberry_pi community. A subreddit for discussing the Raspberry Pi ARM computer and all things related to it. Solution 3: Repair external hard drive with FSCK command. If after you used the Disk Utility First Aid your hard drive is still faulty and your Mac computer can't recognize or read it that means the First Aid failed to repair the external hard drive.. The FSCK command is another hard drive repair remedy and grants access to your precious files stored and now inaccessible in the device. recall on chevy silverado Place the old SD card in a SD card reader and plug into any of the USB ports on the Pi running the new image 2. SSH into the emonPi/emonbase 3. Run the following commands (without part in brackets) to attempt to fix the card: sudo fsck.ext4 /dev/sda2 (root OS partition) sudo fsck.ext2 /dev/sda3 (data partition) 4.The good news gave us confidence and we proceeded to test mounting the physical Micro SD card directly as read+write, which succeeded as well. Then we unmounted the ext4 partition, and a fsckon it found inconsistencies from a non-empty journal but failed to fix the problem: $ sudo fsck /dev/sdb1 fsck from util-linux 2.31.1Feel free to delete them (delete flash:/fsck*). If you ever see them return after initially removing them, it would be a good idea to open a TAC case to find out why the flash is being corrupted. But for now you can safely ignore them. -Mike View solution in original post 15 Helpful Share Reply 4 REPLIES mirober2 Cisco Employee OptionsThe strange thing (to me at least) is that I can save things to the card itself. The only thing is, when I go into the storage app in Android (by the way I'm on CM 12.1), Android only shows a gray bar and isn't able to identify what is on the card. Also, certain apps like teamviewer simply operate as if there is nothing in my SD-card slot. May 12, 2022 · Fix 6. Reinstall the SD Card Driver to Repair SD Card. To fix the memory card is not recognized by the computer, you can try reinstalling the driver by following the below steps: Step 1. Right-click on My Computer/This PC > "Manage" > "Device Manager". Step 2. Click to expand "Disk Drives", right-click on the name of your memory card. May 20, 2022 · Here are the means you can follow to fix your SD card with the guide of DiskPart: Step 1: Press Windows + R keys. Step 2: Type diskpart in the space on the pop-up & press Enter. Step 3: Type list disk in the black window & press Enter. Step 4: Find your SD card, type select disk & enter the number of the SD card. Unreadable sd card of sj6legend on editing video problem solve.#fiercerider#yamaharevsyourheart#motovlog#sj6legend sudo fsck_hfs -ryd /dev/rdisk3s1 Unable to open block device /dev/disk3s1: Permission deniedjournal_replay (/dev/disk3s1) returned 13 ** /dev/rdisk3s1 (NO WRITE) Using cacheBlockSize=32K cacheTotalBlock=32768 cacheSize=1048576K. Executing fsck_hfs (version hfs-407.50.6). Block 2 is not an MDB or Volume HeaderThe second troubleshooting step we would like to suggest will be the Windows repair tool. Here is what you need to do to repair the SD card. Step 1: Connect the SD card and open Windows Explorer by pressing Windows and E keys. Step 2: Right-click the SD card and go to "Properties." Step 3: Hit on the "Tools" tab followed by "Check." Insert the SD card into your Mac. If you don't have an SD card slot, you can get an external USB card reader or insert the card into a camera and connect the camera to the computer. 4. Start Data Rescue 3. You can find it in your "Applications" folder. Select "Start New Scan" from the main menu.How To Fix Your Computer's Boot Record In Windows 10 Fixboot can be found by searching ootrec /fixboot. Please install the command bootrec /rebuildbcd on your computer. After completing the BCD rebuild, restart your computer. Repair Ext4 Filesystem There are a few ways to repair an ext4 filesystem. One way is to use the e2fsck utility. betbank prediction today20 amp breaker siemensThe good news gave us confidence and we proceeded to test mounting the physical Micro SD card directly as read+write, which succeeded as well. Then we unmounted the ext4 partition, and a fsckon it found inconsistencies from a non-empty journal but failed to fix the problem: $ sudo fsck /dev/sdb1 fsck from util-linux 2.31.1Step 1: Connect the SD card to your computer and launch the utility. Step 2: Right-click the partition on the SD card and choose Format. Step 3: As Raspberry Pi can only support reading from FAT file systems (FAT16 and FAT32), you need to select the corresponding file system from the list. Then, click the OK button.The good news gave us confidence and we proceeded to test mounting the physical Micro SD card directly as read+write, which succeeded as well. Then we unmounted the ext4 partition, and a fsckon it found inconsistencies from a non-empty journal but failed to fix the problem: $ sudo fsck /dev/sdb1 fsck from util-linux 2.31.1Fix the filesystem errors. The reason I"m doing this is disk errors, so fixing them is kind of important. ... I'm just using low-tech tools, fsck to the rescue. The loop0p1 partition is the "boot" partition, and loop0p2 is the "/" partition from the pi. sudo fsck /dev/loop0p1 sudo fsck /dev/loop0p2 I didn't have any errors on the first ...Mar 29, 2022 · Connect the SD card to your system. Open Command Prompt as an administrator. Enter the command chkdsk c: /x /f /r. Here, replace ‘c’ with your device’s drive letter. If your SD card contains errors, CHKDSK command will scan and fix it. It may take some time depending upon the size of the file on your SD card. The big difference between your Raspberry Pi and your PC is that the Pi doesn't have a BIOS. It's the BIOS you see first when you turn on your computer - the retro-looking splash screen or the ...You may also need to use the alsamixer to ensure that the sound card is generating plenty of noise. Set all the gains nice and high, turn on any boosters you have. If you have a V_REFLVL or similar then consider tweaking that. OPTIONS -D Daemonize -v Increase verbosity.Removing power or resetting when system writes to SD card (without shutdown before). This should be avoided; it might work 100 times or more without a problem but can also damage the file system after 1-2 times. Updating OpenELEC sometimes leads to this problem, especially on RPis.Tour Start here for a quick overview of the site Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have Meta Discuss the workings and policies of this siteTo format a card with ext4, insert the card into the Pandora, open terminal, and type: [3] ext4 works well, and fsck is very quick. If you'd rather use ext2 or ext3, run mkfs.ext2 or mkfs.ext3 instead, with the same options. Another option you can use, -N sets the number of inodes (max file count).One day the SD card stopped working in my Mac and tells me to "initialize" it, so I open disk utility and try first aid and I am met with this: Code: Select all. Repairing file system. Volume is already unmounted. Performing fsck_exfat -y -x /dev/rdisk2s1 Checking volume. Checking main boot region. Main boot region is invalid. hoopeston festival Sometimes the "dosfsck -a" command returns a "malloc:Cannot allocate memory" error, and fixes nothing. In this case you have to ssh to the camera, manually run "dosfsck /dev/mmcblk0p1" and accept all the changes by pressing "1" at each prompt.I didn't change anything that i can think of. ive tried this: tail -f /var/log/syslog which returns a 'filesystem panic'. google tells me this means the filesystem is corrupted, and that to fix it i should: when i unmount (sudo umount /media/disk) the device and try running the command, it simply tells me it is not found. (i am positive it is mounted at /media/disk).Apr 27, 2018 · Use fsck to Repair File System Errors. Use the -r option to use the interactive repair option. This example uses fsck to check all file systems except the root, and will attempt repair using the interactive feature: fsck -AR -y. To check and attempt to repair any errors on /dev/sda, use this format: fsck -y /dev/sda. Right-click on your SD card under Devices and drives and select Format. This opens the Format window. Click the File System box.Welcome my YouTube channel. My New Channel subscribe do please.Fsck file || video problem || SD card || fsck android #fsck_file #sdcard_problem#Video_play_pr... Check out the Oppo Ambassador Program Highlights and WIN! Home. Forums actress by last name Mar 29, 2022 · Connect the SD card to your system. Open Command Prompt as an administrator. Enter the command chkdsk c: /x /f /r. Here, replace ‘c’ with your device’s drive letter. If your SD card contains errors, CHKDSK command will scan and fix it. It may take some time depending upon the size of the file on your SD card. To repair a corrupt APFS or HFS+ formatted SSD, follow the given steps: For external SSD, navigate to Finder > Application > Utilities. Next, double-click Disk Utility to launch the disk management app. For internal SSD, start or restart your Mac and hold Command + R keys. Release them when the Apple logo appears.There are different scenarios when you will want to run fsck. Here are few examples: The system fails to boot. Files on the system become corrupt (often you may see input/output error). Attached drive (including flash drives/SD cards) is not working as expected. fsck Available options.Do this by selecting it in the dropdown on the right. This will open the hard drive's partition layout inside of Gparted. Right click any of the partitions, then select the "check" option. After selecting "check", click the checkmark to start the process. What "check" does is look through the partition for any problems.Mar 29, 2022 · Connect the SD card to your system. Open Command Prompt as an administrator. Enter the command chkdsk c: /x /f /r. Here, replace ‘c’ with your device’s drive letter. If your SD card contains errors, CHKDSK command will scan and fix it. It may take some time depending upon the size of the file on your SD card. Steps to Recover LOST DIR files using Remo Recover software. Launch Remo Recover software on your Windows or Mac and connect the SD card or pen drive from which you want to recover Lost.DIR files. From the main screen, select the external SD card/pen drive and click on the Scan button. During the scanning process, you can click on the Dynamic ...Fix 6. Reinstall the SD Card Driver to Repair SD Card. To fix the memory card is not recognized by the computer, you can try reinstalling the driver by following the below steps: Step 1. Right-click on My Computer/This PC > "Manage" > "Device Manager". Step 2. Click to expand "Disk Drives", right-click on the name of your memory card.Oct 18, 2021 · The Best SD Card Repair Tool – MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition. MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition is a free partition manager. It is friendly for regular users. It can resize partition, format partition, convert NTFS to FAT32, check file systems, copy partition on an SD card. More importantly, after the SD card corrupted, this ... September 5, 2019, 10:49 AM. Yes typically to check the partition has to be unmounted thus the check when it boots. Type the command sudo mount and it will show the partition mounted. You can also remove the SD card and check it with a Linux computer. Just check the 2nd data partition.When the partition is unmounted but Ubuntu detects the drive, you can run a consistency check to attempt recovery of the file system. Assuming you have an FAT12, FAT16 or FAT32 formatted card, then run sudo fsck.msdos -r /dev/sdd1 from the command line to attempt recovery.Nov 12, 2019 · The -p option tells fsck to automatically repair any problems that can be safely fixed without user intervention. Once the file system is repaired, mount the partition: sudo mount /dev/sdc1 Repair Root File System fsck cannot check the root file system on a running machine because it cannot be unmounted.. The fsck command lets you check that your file systems are healthy.#fsck.fatで修復 対処の手順としては VMwareを立ち上げる Micro SDをVMwareに認識させる fsck.fat コマンドで修復 まずWindowsでは修復できないようのなで、 Linuxで修復します .おそらくWindowsではデフォルトで見えない領域を修復しないといけないからだと思います. VMwareを立ち上げます. 自分が使っているLinuxディストリビューションはXubuntu14.04. VAIO Pro 13ではMicro SDをSDカードアダプタに入れて、 VAIO Pro 13のSDカードスロットに入れてもVMwareでMicro SDカードを認識することができませんでした.I have a corrupt SD card. From what I've read, the linux kernel will force corrupt media to mount read-only to guard against further damage: Code: mount: block device /dev/mmcblk0p1 is write-protected, mounting read-only. The problem is that this protection was implemented at too low of a level.See full list on linuxhint.com dwc_otg.lpm_enable=0 console=serial0,115200 console=tty1 root=PARTUUID=8c3d168f-02 rootfstype=f2fs elevator=deadline fsck.repair=yes rootwait Shutdown and Use New Card. Shutdown the Pi, replace the existing SD card with the one you just created, and boot. Might be a good idea to have a monitor hooked up to see if anything goes wrong. ask pastor john divorce and remarriageThe strange thing (to me at least) is that I can save things to the card itself. The only thing is, when I go into the storage app in Android (by the way I'm on CM 12.1), Android only shows a gray bar and isn't able to identify what is on the card. Also, certain apps like teamviewer simply operate as if there is nothing in my SD-card slot. The strange thing (to me at least) is that I can save things to the card itself. The only thing is, when I go into the storage app in Android (by the way I'm on CM 12.1), Android only shows a gray bar and isn't able to identify what is on the card. Also, certain apps like teamviewer simply operate as if there is nothing in my SD-card slot. Also, Android check & fix external storage before it is mounted (just unmount and mount it via settings), so I don't think that you get more benefits with doing check manually. Regarding "fsck" utility - Termux does not provide it. You need to use one of the utilities provided by Android, e.g. for me they are. [/system/bin]:$ ls *fsck*. I'm having issues with my 64 GB micro-sd card that I can't find a solution to solve this problem. I've reformatted from windows 7 using windows solution as well as the format software offered by the SD-card organization. I've also tried repairing and repartitioning through Aparted for Android.The SD card was corrupted, sadly beyond repair. This article walks you through the steps I took to try to fix the SD card, including fsck, badblocks and other filesystem utilities. Since most of the time you can fix broken filesystems with an fsck I hooked up the card to my machine and started the fsck fontana pick a part inventoryThe strange thing (to me at least) is that I can save things to the card itself. The only thing is, when I go into the storage app in Android (by the way I'm on CM 12.1), Android only shows a gray bar and isn't able to identify what is on the card. Also, certain apps like teamviewer simply operate as if there is nothing in my SD-card slot. I'm having issues with my 64 GB micro-sd card that I can't find a solution to solve this problem. I've reformatted from windows 7 using windows solution as well as the format software offered by the SD-card organization. I've also tried repairing and repartitioning through Aparted for Android.GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet fsck.mode=force". To force all auto repair option including that may cause damage add the fsck.repair=yes option too. Then run an sudo update-grub. Reboot the Linux system by tying the sudo reboot. After that system will boot. The system will run fsck on ext4 file systems. Finally, when you get a shell prompt ...My systems do a filesystem check at every boot, and they get a reboot regularly. The SD card has an ext4 filesystem and is 16 GB in size. Since most of the time you can fix broken filesystems with an fsck I hooked up the card to my machine and started the fsckfsck, short for file system consistency check, is a utility that examines the file system for errors and attempts to repair them if possible. It functions as a frontend utility for a combination of built-in tools to check the disk and generates a report of its findings.Mar 29, 2022 · Connect the SD card to your system. Open Command Prompt as an administrator. Enter the command chkdsk c: /x /f /r. Here, replace ‘c’ with your device’s drive letter. If your SD card contains errors, CHKDSK command will scan and fix it. It may take some time depending upon the size of the file on your SD card. Also, Android check & fix external storage before it is mounted (just unmount and mount it via settings), so I don't think that you get more benefits with doing check manually. Regarding "fsck" utility - Termux does not provide it. You need to use one of the utilities provided by Android, e.g. for me they are. [/system/bin]:$ ls *fsck*. Welcome my YouTube channel. My New Channel subscribe do please.Fsck file || video problem || SD card || fsck android #fsck_file #sdcard_problem#Video_play_pr... Unreadable sd card of sj6legend on editing video problem solve.#fiercerider#yamaharevsyourheart#motovlog#sj6legend Do a Dry Run with fsck. Fix Detected Errors Automatically with fsck. Skip Repair but Print fsck Errors in the Output. You can also use the fsck utility to check the health of external drives, such as SD cards or USB flash drives. haku lei near me xa